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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2013年06月第19卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2013)03-0228-05
 
汉语开口一等字中的j介音考察
--以孟州方言为例
 
史艳锋
 
(陕西师范大学文学院,陕西西安,710062)
 
摘  要: 孟州(南庄)方言中咸山摄开口一等见系舒声字单字音产生j介音,咸山摄开口一等舒声字子变音产生i介音。二者相比,子变音产生i介音的时间较早。研究显示:(一)子变合音过程中,韵尾“ɯ”对介音“ɰ”的异化作用,加速了“ɰ>i”的转变;(二)咸山摄开口一等韵混入开口二等韵中,承继了二等韵前的介音“ɰ”,后来开口一等韵中出现新一轮介音“Cɰ->Cj->Ci-”的演变链条。
 
关键词: 南庄方言;咸山摄开口一等韵;单字音;子变音;j介音;i介音
 
 
The Medial /j/ of the KaiKou Characters of the First Division in Chinese--A Case Study of Mengzhou Dialect
 
SHI Yanfeng
 
(Department of Chinese Langange and Literature, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China)
 
Abstract: The first division kaikou lax rhyme of “咸山” groups generated the medial /j/ in the front of their “见”xi characters’ base forms,and it also generated the medial /i/ in the front of their “子” changed forms in the dialect of Nanzhuang, Mengzhou county. That the “子” changed forms bred the medial /i/ was earlier by comparing the two cases above. This paper maintains that: (1) The dissimilation to the medial /ɰ/ from the syllabic ending /ɯ/ in the formation of “子” changed final sped up the development of /ɰ/>/i/; (2) With merging into the second division kaikou lax rhyme of “咸山” groups, the first division kaikou lax rhyme of “咸山” groups inherited the medial /ɰ/ from the second division rhyme which is mentioned above. Then the new repeatable evolvement chain of “Cɰ->Cj->Ci-” on medial started up in the first division kaikou rhyme.
 
Key words: Nanzhuang dialect; the first division kaikou lax rhyme of “咸山” group; the base form; the “子” changed form; the medial /j/; the medial/i/
 
 
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