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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2013年06月第19卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2013)03-0212-05
 
美国新镇政策实施始末
 
李娟,孙群郎
 
(东北师范大学历史文化学院,吉林长春,130024)
 
摘  要: 实施了数十年的美国新镇政策,可分为三个时期:“新政”时期,美国联邦政府提出了绿带城镇计划,在大城市郊区建立相对自足的新社区,是改革当时城市住房、失业、贫民窟等问题的一次重要实验;“伟大社会”时期,约翰逊总统积极促成新镇立法,为新镇私人开发商提供多种形式的援助,推动美国新镇发展到高峰;“新联邦主义”时期,美国的社会政治经济形势发生重大改变,新镇立法在实施过程中遭遇重重挫折,联邦新镇项目大都走向失败。
 
关键词: 美国联邦政府;田园城市;绿带城镇;新镇
 
 
An Analysis of Federal New Town Policies in the United States
 
LI Juan, SUN Qunlang
 
(School of History and Culture, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China)
 
Abstract: During the New Deal period, the United States federal government put forward the Greenbelt Towns plan, to establish relatively sufficient new communities in suburbs. This was an important experiment for solving housing, unemployment problems, slums, etc. Under Great Society, President Lyndon Johnson contributed a lot to the legislation of new towns, which would provide various forms of aid to new town private developers. However, President Richard Nixon proposed New Federalism, and the social, political and economic situations changed a lot. As a result, the implementation of new town’s legislation encountered many setbacks, and most of the federal aided new town projects failed.
 
Key words: United States federal government; Garden City; Greenbelt Town; New Town
 
 
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