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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2013年06月第19卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2013)03-0140-06
 
杨慎、黄峨夫妻往还之作考论
 
姚蓉
 
(上海大学文学院,上海,200044)
 
摘  要: 晚明清初以前,夫妻间唱和赠答、互诉深情的作品留存很少,杨慎与黄峨夫妇留下的往还互赠之作,多至18篇,是文学史上夫妻间文学交往的典型个案。他们的往还之作,极大地充实了古典文学中夫妻之情这个主题。这些作品,有序地展现了杨慎、黃峨从夫妻情深到感情出现裂痕的全过程,既写出了初期两人之间深挚的情感与深刻的理解,又反映了两人在三十载分居生活中夫妻感情的逐渐变化,揭示了二人在变化中的真实心态,也揭示了二人在对抗现实压力、在生活的自由度、情感的专一度等方面的不对等关系。在杨慎、黃峨之前,还未有夫妻往还之作能如此全方位地表现夫妻情感及其变迁过程,也未有夫妻往还之作表现夫妻之情能达到如此的深度和厚度。同时,夫妻的文学往还是文学交往行为中不可忽视的一类,比一般友朋之间的唱和赠答情感交流更深入、文学互动主动、对彼此的影响也更鲜明。故此,杨慎、黃峨的夫妻往还之作具有极大的文学价值及社会价值。
 
关键词: 杨慎;黄峨;夫妻;往还之作
 
 
An Analysis of the Corresponding Works of

the Couple Yang Shen and Huang E

 
YAO Rong
 
(Department of Chinese in Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China)
 
Abstract: The literary works concerning responsory and presenting each other with poems between couples, and their mutual expression of affectionateness, previous to the late Ming and early Qing dynasty, can rarely be found to this day. The corresponding works that the couple Yang Shen and Huang E presented each other as gifts are as many as 18 pieces, which is a typical case of literary communications between couples in literature history. Their corresponding works greatly enriched the theme of couple love in classical literature. These works, in an orderly way, unfold before our eyes the entire course from strong affections between husband and wife to marital breakdown between them. They show deep and sincere love and profound mutual understanding between the couple in the early days, and reflect the gradual change of their mutual affection during the couple’s thirty years of separation life, revealing the real mentality of the couple in this change, and revealing the non-equivalent relation which showed in the two persons’ resisting pressure of reality, in freedom extent of life, in loyalty extent of love, etc. Before Yang Shen and Huang E, there were no couple corresponding works that could express couple love and its changing course in all dimensions, nor could any corresponding works express couple love to such deep and profound degree. Therefore the corresponding works of the couple Yang Shen and Huang E possess great literary value and social value, which deserves to be valued and researched.
 
Key words: Yang Shen; Huang E; couple; corresponding works
 
 
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