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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2013年06月第19卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2013)03-0042-07
 
生态环境保护公益诉讼的激励约束机制研究
 
颜运秋,罗婷
 
(中南大学法学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 生态环境保护公益诉讼的激励机制是通过降低起诉主体的诉讼成本,减少其诉讼障碍,保障切实维护生态环境权益的诉讼目的得以实现的一系列有效方法,具体包括公益诉讼基金与保险制度、费用减免制度、法律援助制度、私人原告的胜诉奖励制度等。但是,权利的拥有者也容易转变为权利的滥用者,因此,需要通过滥诉防范机制对公益诉权进行约束。激励机制和约束机制具有对立统一的关系,激励和约束这两个维度可以促使生态环境权益真正得到维护。
 
关键词: 生态环境保护;公益诉讼;激励机制;约束机制
 
 
On incentive and restraint mechanisms of ecological and

environmental protection public interest litigation

 
YAN Yunqiu, LUO Ting
 
(Law School, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: The ecological and environmental protection of public interest litigation incentive mechanism is a series of effective methods which can assure the litigation purposes on effective protection of ecological and environmental rights and interests, and can be achieved by reducing litigation costs and obstacles of the subjects of proceedings, including public interest litigation funds and insurance system, expenses relief system, the legal aid system, the private plaintiffs reward system in the case of winning the lawsuit. The owner of the rights, however, are easily converted to rights abusers. Therefore, we need vexatious action prevention mechanism to constrain action for public welfare. The incentive and restraint mechanisms have a relation of unity of the opposites, which are incentives and constraints. The two dimensions can really promote the protection of the ecological and environmental rights and interests.
 
Key words: ecological and environmental protection; public interest litigation; incentive mechanism; restraint mechanism
 
 
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