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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年04月第17卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)02-0171-05
 
唐代碑刻异构字探析
 
罗小如
 
(华东师范大学中文系,上海,200241)
 
摘  要: 碑刻文献是研究语言文字的珍贵材料,唐代碑刻数量多,字体以楷书为主。在新出土的唐代碑刻文献中存在大量的文字异体现象,异体字从构形上可分为异构字和异写字。根据汉字构形理论研究唐代碑刻文字,分析碑刻文字中的27组异构字,分为造字方法不同的异构字和造字方法相同、构件不同的异构字。两类异构字中后者占绝对优势,表明唐代碑刻文字异构字以构件的变化为主要特征。
 
关键词: 唐代碑刻;碑刻文字;异构字;异写字
 
 
A research of heterogeneous words in Tang Dynasty inscriptions
 
LUO Xiaoru
 
(Chinese Department, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China)
 
Abstract: Inscriptions literature is precious materials of the language research, Tang Dynasty inscriptions are quantities, theirs font with regular script primarily. In the Tang Dynasty inscriptions newly unearthed in the literature, a lot of writing allograft phenomenon can be found, variant forms from formation can be divided into heterogeneous words and different writing. According to the Chinese characters form theory research in Tang Dynasty inscriptions writing, this paper analyzed 27 groups of heterogeneous words of inscriptions writing. They are divided into heterogeneous words, different methods of pictophmetic characters and heterogeneous words pictophmetic gluons, which shows the Tang Dynasty heterogeneous words by word components as the main feature, these changes reflected that the use of writing in society hadn’t reached more normative degree.
 
Key words: Tang Dynasty inscriptions; Chinese character writing of inscription; heterogeneous words; different writing
 
 
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