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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年04月第17卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)02-0142-05
 
空间格义背后的举意与旁观
 
毛延生
 
(哈尔滨工程大学外语系,黑龙江哈尔滨,150001)
 
摘  要: 在爱丽丝·沃克的短篇小说《日用家当》中,家宅被赋予了一定的格义属性,这可以被视为19世纪女性主义文学批评语境中的心理现象学介入。家宅格义背后的心理图解划清了个体“生存空间”的原型与流变,洋溢着深切的心理几何假设内涵。作者借助不同人物对于家宅的写实性解读,提供了一个富有曲面内涵的边缘记忆空间,揭示了主体的物我元一思想已然深植于家宅意象当中,并以拓扑图腾的同胚形式得以彰显。家宅的心理几何图解立体地刻画了个体在生存空间日渐缩限时的困顿与挣扎,更是直指个体守护本我世界时的一种精神重估,而这正是该部文学作品所隐含的原生代性旨归所在。
 
关键词: 空间格义;《日用家当》;家宅;女性主义文学批评;心理现象学
 
 
Vowing and watching behind spatial Ko-yi: On the psychological geometrical diagram of the “House” in Everyday Use
 
MAO Yansheng
 
(Foreign Languages Department, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China)
 
Abstract: House has been assigned with a certain Ko-yi characteristics in Everyday Use by Alice Walker, which can be deemed as a psychological and phenomenological intrusion into feministic literary criticism. The psychological diagram behind Ko-yi of house delineates a clear cut between prototype and variants of the individual’s living space, where lies a hypothesis of psychological geometry. The different understandings of the house present a periphralized memory space with curving connotation, which means the nature-and-nurture dilemma is a part of house in the form of homeomorphism. The psychological analysis of house geometry ends up with a vivid picture of complexes and struggles of the individual suffering from narrowing down of living space, pointing at a spiritual re-evaluation of ego at risk, which is the hard core of Urgenerativitat in the novel.
 
Key words: spatial Ko-yi; Everyday Use; house; psychological geometrical diagram; feministic criticism; psychol- phenomenology
 
 
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