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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年04月第17卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)02-0129-06
 
组织支持感与LMX对离职意图的影响
 
徐哲俊,金红英
 
(延边大学经济管理学院,吉林延吉,133002)
 
摘  要: 通过问卷调查,以青岛市国有制造业4家公司的310名员工为有效样本,探讨了组织支持感、领导-成员交换关系(LMX)对组织承诺与离职意图的影响的问题。研究在理论背景的基础上提出了研究假设和研究模型,然后采用了结构方程建模的方法,验证了事先提出的研究假设。结果表明,组织支持感、LMX对组织承诺有着显著正面影响,对离职意图有着显著负面影响;组织承诺与离职意图有着显著负面影响,从而得知组织承诺在组织与支持感与LMX对离职意图影响中起到的中介效应。因此,如果要提高员工的组织承诺,而且降低离职意图,那么有必要强调组织支持感和LMX。
 
关键词: 青岛市国有制造业;组织支持感;LMX;组织承诺;离职意图
 
 
The Impacts of Perceived Organizational Support and

LMX on Turnover Intention

 
XU Zhejun, JIN Hongying
 
(College of Economic and Management, Yanbian University, Yanji 133002, China)
 
Abstract: In this study, we investigated the effects of Perceived Organizational Support and Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) on the organizational commitment and turnover intentions through the survey carried out for 310 employees in 4 China state-owned manufacturing companies located in Qing Dao, China. We proposed the study model and assumption based on the theoretical background, and demonstrated the assumption using structural equation modeling(SEM). It is shown that Perceived Organizational Support and LMX have a remarkable positive effect on the organizational commitment with a remarkable negative effect on the turnover intentions, and organizational commitment has a remarkable negative effect on turnover intentions, from which we can find some mediating effects of organizational commitment. As a result, Perceived Organizational Support of the employees’ and LMX should be emphasized not only to improve the employees’ organizational commitment, but also to lower Turnover Intention. These results can be used as a reference for study and practice on the China state-owned manufacturing field and human resource management field.
 
Key words: Qing Dao City; China state-owned manufacturing; Perceived Organizational Support; LMX; Organizational Commitment; Turnover Intention
 
 
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