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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年04月第17卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)02-0107-06
 
刑法的封闭体系与开放体系
 
陈银珠,徐兴华
 
(重庆大学法学院,重庆,400044;浙江省丽水市景宁县人民检察院,浙江丽水,323000)
 
摘  要: 封闭的刑法体系以概念法学为理论基础,强调概念与概念之间的包含关系,案件事实与概念之间的涵摄关系,按照严格的形式逻辑形成判决。封闭的刑法体系强调法律的确定性,却忽略了法律的公平性;强调排除司法者的专断,却也试图排除司法者的价值判断;强调判决的逻辑性,而不是判决的可接受性。开放的刑法体系强调在常识常理常情、宪法的基本原则、刑法的目的、刑法的任务、刑法的基本原则、刑法的情理性概念和刑法规则中解释、适用刑法。它不但协调了刑法的普遍正义与个案正义,而且协调了刑法的法律效果与社会效果。
 
关键词: 刑法体系;封闭的刑法体系;开放的刑法体系;功能
 
 
The closed system and the open system of criminal system
 
CHEN Yinzhu, XU Xinghua
 
(College of Law, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China;
People’s Procuratorate of Jingning, Lishui 323000, China)
 
Abstract: Based on the concept jurisprudence, the closed system of criminal law emphasizes the including and included relationship between concepts, the case and concepts, and that the judgment is resulted from formal logic. The closed system of criminal law emphasizes the certainty of law while ignoring the fairness of the law. It emphasizes to limit the arbitrary decision of the judges, but precludes the value judgment of the judges. It emphasizes the logic of the judgments, but ignores the acceptability of the judgments. The open system of criminal law emphasizes to interpret and apply criminal law in the open system, which is consisted of common sense, constitutional principles, criminal principles, the purpose, the role, and the reasonable provisions of the criminal law and criminal rules. The open system of the criminal law harmonizes not only the general justice and individual justice, but also the legal effects and social effects.
 
Key words: criminal system; closed system of criminal law; open system of criminal law; functions
 
 
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