自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年04月第17卷第2期
   
本文已被:浏览2778次    下载683次   在线阅读579
文章编号:1672-3104(2011)02-0068-04
 
论德勒兹的欲望微观政治学
 
黄小惠
 
(北京师范大学哲学与社会学学院,北京,100875)
 
摘  要: 德勒兹通过对欲望进行哲学和政治学的阐释形成欲望微观政治学。他认为,欲望是生产性的,而非缺失性的。并以欲望为逻辑起点,分析了资本主义的精神分裂症;一方面资本主义由于革命性的欲望冲破专制社会机器的编码,带来经济的迅速发展与社会进步;另一方面,资本主义从法律、体制、政治、经济等各方面进行再编码,以驯化和引导欲望。这样欲望的解辖域化与欲望符码的再辖域化两方面的力量相互对抗,其结果就导致了资本主义精神分裂症的出现。他从马克思主义的社会生产、商品、资本等概念引向对资本主义文明机器下的欲望心理的分析,从宏观层面转向微观层面,为批判资本主义现代社会提供了全新的、具有重要启示作用的理论视域。这为马克思主义的发展拓宽了新领域,也为马克思主义的解放理论与实践提供了新的视角。
 
关键词: 德勒兹;欲望微观政治学;后马克思主义;编码;辖域
 
 
On Deleuze’s micro-politics of desire
 
HUANG Xiaohui
 
(Beijing Normal University Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Beijing 100875, China)
 
Abstract: Deleuze has founded micro-politics of desire, which is based on philosophical and political analyses of desire. In his points of view, the desire is not lacking, but productive. He put “desire” as the logical beginning of analyzing the schizophrenia of capitalism. On the one hand, for revolutionary desire broke through the coding of despotic machine, capitalism has got its profound development. On the other hand, in order to lead and channel the desire, capitalism has re-coded the law, institution, politics, economy, etc. Then these two powers which are deterritorialization of desire and re-territorialization against each other, bringing about the schizophrenia of capitalism. Obviously, Deleuze was affected by Karl Marx a lot. He has applied some concepts of Marxism such as production, commodity and capital, to analyze the desire psychology under the civilized capitalist machine. The transformation from macro to micro has supplied inspiration and a new horizon of criticizing the capitalism. His attempt to release the individualities covered by Marxism, has not only broadened the field of Marxism, also provided a new perspective for Karl Marx’s practice and liberation theory.
 
Key words: Deleuze; micro-politics of desire; post-Marxism; code; territorial
 
 
版权所有:《中南大学学报(社会科学版)》编辑部 
地 址:湖南省长沙市岳麓区麓山南路932号     邮编: 410083
电 话: 0731-88830141
电子邮箱: znsk@csu.edu.cn 湘ICP备09001153号-4