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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年04月第17卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)02-0011-07
 
20世纪前后美国城市化进程中的公民教育及其借鉴
 
付宏,杨汉麟
 
(华中师范大学教育学院,湖北武汉,430079)
 
摘  要: 美国城市化进程在20世纪前后经历了快速发展的阶段,大量东欧、南欧移民涌入美国城市,在本土主义者的强烈排斥之下,产生了公民身份认同的困境,而公立学校内部也存在巨大的分歧。面对社会转型期的诸多问题,“美国化”运动在社会各界的参与下悄然兴起,并通过公民科课程的探索与公民模拟训练的尝试,有效地促进了新移民子弟的融入,保障了美国城市化的快速发展及长治久安。其有益经验,对解决当前我国城市化进程中农民工及其子女如何融入城市问题有不少借鉴。
 
关键词: 美国城市化进程;公民教育;新移民子弟;美国化
 
 
The Process of American Urbanization and

Its Civic Education from 1890s to 1920s

 
FU Hong, YAN Hanlin
 
(Education College of Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China)
 
Abstract: American Urbanization made rapid progress from 1890s to 1920s. During this time, a large number of immigrants poured into different cities of U.S from east and south Europe and suffered the severe discrimination from the nativists. Hence, they held together and tried their best to make living through competing with the nativists. Consequently, the nativists and the immigrant group had a huge antagonism. Facing the problems, the goal of civic education of Americanization was established under the propaganda and participation of official and non-governmental insightful people. America effectively promoted Americanization within the new immigrants and safeguarded the fast development of the urbanization and stability. The Americanization of civic education caused the consideration of the authors, while dealing with the problem on how to blend righty in city during the migrant workers and their children, which is of important realist significance for the current process of Chinese urbanization.
 
Key words: urbanization process; civic education; children of new immigrants; Americanization
 
 
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