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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2004年06月第10卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2004)03-0364-06
 
从庙堂到民间
———中国文学精神向近现代化转变的主体因素
 
白寅,杨雨
 
(中南大学文学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 中国文学精神向近现代的转变,滥觞于唐宋,激变于元代,成就于明清。这是基于中国文学自身演变的主体因素而得出的结论。首先,作为中国文学的创作主体,也就是传统的士大夫审美趣尚双重性的形成,为文学创作精神向近现代转化提供了主观动因;其次,新兴的文学消费主体的涌现,特别是城市市民阶层的不断壮大,决定了中国文学近现代化的审美价值取向;再次,文学主体的生活形态对文学的传播方式的影响决定着文学话语的转变;最后,是影响文学活动的环境,也就是当时的社会思潮和社会风尚,规定了中国文学精神向近现代化转变的基本范式。
 
关键词: 文学精神;庙堂文学;近现代文学;士大夫;市民文学
 
 
From noble to popular: Inner motif of the transformation from Chinese
classical literature to recent and contemporary literature
 
BAI Yin,YANGYu
 
(College of Literature, Central South University, Changsha 410083,China)
 
Abstract: The transformation from Chinese classical literature to recent and contemporary literature began in Tang and Song Dynasty, developed inYuan Dynasty, and achieved itsmaturity inMing andQingDynasty. This is the result based on the Chinese literature internal development system. Firstly, the dualismof traditional scholars-officials’aesthetic orientation offered the subjective motif that pushed literary creation to transform to recent and contemporary literature. Secondly, the emergence of new literary consumers, basically the continuous strength of citizenship determined the recent and contemporary literature aesthetic tendency. Thirdly, in classical literature, the maturity of some literary models and types, which were suitable for recent and contemporary literature, such as novels and theatres, provided an arena forthis transformation. Lastly, the environment that influenced the literature activities, that is, the social trend of thought and fashion formulated the basic models of transformation.
 
Key words: Chinese classical literature; noble literature; recent and contemporary literature; traditional scholars-officials; citizen literature
 
 
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